Cannabidiol (CBD) is a phytocannabinoid discovered in 1940. It is one of 113 identified cannabinoids in cannabis plants and accounts for up to 40% of the plant's extract. In 2018, clinical research on cannabidiol included preliminary studies of anxiety, cognition, movement disorders, and pain.
CBD works by interacting with certain receptors in the brain and directing the body to use more of its own cannabinoids (these are already naturally produced by the human body).
While both THC and CBD are said to have many of the same medical benefits, the two chemical compounds are different. Unlike THC, CBD is not a psychoactive compound and it won’t get you high, as THC will.
Efforts to isolate the active ingredients in cannabis were made in the 19th century. CBD was studied in 1940 from Minnesota wild hemp and Egyptian Cannabis indica resin. The chemical formula of CBD was proposed from a method for isolating it from wild hemp. Its structure and stereochemistry were determined in 1963.
Hemp is known to be cultivated specifically for industrial purposes in years gone. In fact, it was used in China and the Middle East back in 8000 BC. The hemp plant has a fiber that is used to manufacture a wide range of textiles and even seeds that were good for consumption. The history of hemp is a long one and it has versatility and quite useful for many things. In fact, hemp is connected to thousands of commodities and household items. Hemp is used to make canvas, boat sails, clothes, paper, ship rigs, twine, fish nets, human food, pet food and bedding, Body oil, lotions, construction materials, and fuel.
On an annual basis, 1 acre of hemp will produce as much fiber as 2 to 3 acres of cotton. Hemp fiber is stronger and softer than cotton, lasts twice as long as cotton, and will not mildew.
On an annual basis, 1 acre of hemp will produce as much paper as 2 to 4 acres of trees. From tissue paper to cardboard, all types of paper products can be produced from hemp. Hemp can be used to produce fiberboard that is stronger and lighter than wood. Substituting hemp fiberboard for timber would further reduce the need to cut down our forests.